Democracy Wins – Birth of new Style of Politics

The result 67/3 I had never expected. Thought of 37-45 for AAP.

Delhi election shows that Government is By the people, For the people and Of the people.

BJP was over confident with its Lok Sabha election win. But State politics is different from National. At national level there was no other option.  People voted for the best possible candidate. But in Delhi election people has the option to choose between honest people’s leader and Center’s representative.

There are few questions that have come up in media recently like

Why BJP projected CM candidate unlike in other states?

Why was the election delayed?

Why did they started using negative tactics?

Whatever may be the reason, everything went against them.

I am not here to analyze why APP won or why BJP lost.

I am just trying to focus that Government is By the people, For the people and Of the people. Jai Hind!

Security testing – revisited

This blog (security testing revisited) is intended to summarize  few of my post related to security testing :-

  1. Ethical Hacking – part 1 

    Before going into details of how to ethical hacking we should be clear of what it is. What is ethical hacking? ….

  2. Ethical Hacking – part 2

    In this part we will go a step further in to ethical hacking and discuss how to do Penetration testing. Warning: Proceed only after permission from network owner else it will be treated as hacking….

  3. What is Cross-Site Scripting?

    What is Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)? Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) attacks are a type of injection problem, in which malicious scripts are injected into the otherwise trusted web sites….

  4. SQL Injection

    SQL injection is a technique often used to attack data driven applications. This is done by including portions of SQL statements in an entry field in an attempt to get the website to pass a newly formed SQL command to the database. ….

  5. Security Testing tips

    What is Security testing? Security testing is a process to determine that an information system protects data and maintains functionality as intended. It is the process that determines that confidential data stays confidential and users can perform only those tasks that they are authorized to perform….


Selenium Ruby Binding – how ?

Good part of selenium is that the selenium tests can be written in multiple programming languages like c#, Java, Perl, PHP, Ruby etc. I normally hear saying that “This Java project, so we can write tests in Java as well”.  The only advantage I see with this is that you can get help from development team incase you are stuck somewhere. But if you are good at c# or any other language it should not be an hindrance. Test framework will be different that coding framework unless you want to integrate it.

I covered Java and C# in most of my previous posts. Here I will be using Ruby to write the Selenium tests.

 A simple Ruby Test

require "selenium-webdriver"
driver = Selenium::WebDriver.for :firefox ""
element = driver.find_element(:name, 'q')
element.send_keys "Hello Selenium WebDriver!"

require “selenium-webdriver”  – This is similar to import in Java and using in c#

The above example is without using any Test framework. In Ruby you can use Test Framework as you do with C# ( NUNIT test framework) and Java( JUNIT or TestNG framework).

In Ruby you can use minitest or BDD framework  RSpec or Cucumber

Structure of RSpec test

load File.dirname(__FILE__) + '/test_helper.rb' 
#'describe' marks the a test group
describe "Selenium Ruby Tests" do 
include TestHelper
 # 'it' marks the start of a test case, ends with the matching 'end'
it "Start Chrome" do
 browser = Selenium::WebDriver.for(:chrome)
 sleep 1
it "Start FireFox" do
browser = Selenium::WebDriver.for(:firefox)
 sleep 1
it "Start IE" do
 browser = Selenium::WebDriver.for(:ie)
 sleep 1

For more information on RSPec click here .

War has begun

I am not talking of war with guns and rockets but price war.
With the  Flipkart’s big billion day sale, it has started a price war among other e-retailers. Snapdeal and Amazon has also started the same.  Others might follow the path.

Its a win-win situation for consumers.

Future group and others are complaining that it is ill-legal. They have not done anything new, same was done by Big bazzar 12 years ago with Independence day offer. At that time other small retailers were complaining the same. But ultimately consumers benefitted. Now they are at the receiving end.
According to me it is a healthy sign and price war means benefit to consumers.

This is my personal opinion.
What do you think?

Test Pattern – Pair Testing

Pair Testing

Pair testing is another example of test pattern.


  1. Pair testing is a way of approaching a test design process by having two people test the same time and place continuously.
  2. The dynamics of pairing enables the generation of more and different ideas than either tester is likely to produce on his own.
  3. It is an effective complement to individual testing.


  1. Composer/ lyricist pair
  2. Pilot and Co-pilot in a aeroplane


Two tester working together produce tests, over a period of time continuously exchanging ideas. Assuming that the conditions exists that enables test design, successful pair testing requires three specific conditions

  1. At least one tester is available who can be trusted to test without supervision
  2. Another tester is available who can join the first tester for a session of test design.
  3. The two testers are otherwise capable of working together


  1. Idea Exchange – The process of explaining and questioning helps pollinate new ideas. This is true even when one of the testers is much less knowledgeable than the other one.
  2. Attention flow – The core dynamic of pair testing is the flow of attention. Pair testing requires that the testers synchronize their pace of work. They continuously share ideas and direct themselves to various problems.
  3. Test strategy – If each tester specializes in a different sub-systems, then as a pair they may be especially effective at system testing that examines the interaction among those sub-systems.

Test Patterns – Scenario Testing

Scenario Testing

Scenario testing is one of the example of Test Patterns


  • The objective of scenario testing is to prove that the program will fail when asked to do real work ( significant tasks) by an experienced user. A failure at this level is a validation failure ( a failure to meet the stated or implicit program requirements.)
  •  “All” of the features have been tested in isolation. More precisely, all of the features that will be called within this scenario have been tested on their own and as fas we can tell, none of them has an error that will block  this scenario test.)
  • The tester must have sufficient knowledge of the domain( eg: accounting, if this is an accounting application) and many of the ways in which skilled users will use the program.


  • Time trade off
  • There is often much time pressure to develop “realistic” tests quickly.
  • Because complex tests are expensive. You can not develop many of them. What level of coverage will you get from these tets? What level should you expect.


Ideally scenario test has four attributes

  1. The test is realistic
  2. It is complex
  3. It is easy to tell whether the program passed of failed the test
  4. Serious failure if the program will not pass a given scenario

The key message of this pattern is that you should keep this four attributes in mind when you design a scenario test and try hard to achieve them.

Next we will cover another example of test pattern.





How to convert xml to json format?

To Convert XML to JSON format

Consider a situation where in you have data in xml file and want to use it as a input to some other system where in it takes data in the form of JSON. You would require to convert XML to json format.

Below is an example of converting XML file into json file format.

#! /usr/bin/env ruby -rubygems

require 'rubygems'
require 'active_support/all'
require 'json'
json_str = Hash.from_xml([0]).read).to_json[1], 'w+').write json_str

To run the command,

xml-to-json.rb .file1.xml .file_out.json



Applying Patterns to Software Testing

What is Patterns ?

  • a regular or repetitive form, order or arrangement
  • a model that is considered to be worthy of imitation

Why Patterns ?

Patterns are a way of helping people who design things. Patterns accomplish at least three things

  1. They provide vocabulary for problem solvers.
  2. They focus attention on the forces behind the problem. It allows designers to better understand when and why a solution applies.
  3. They encourage iterative thinking. Each solution creates a new context in which new problems can be solved.

Why Test Patterns?

Testers lack useful vocabulary and are hampered by rigid “one size fits all” methodologies, and face many problems whose solutions are not described in the literature.

Some of the test patterns are

  1. Pair -testing
  2. Architecture- Achilles- Heels
  3. Architecture – reverse engineering
  4. Scenario testing

More on Test Patterns in my next post.



Tips to speed up your slow PC

To speed up your slow PC first step should be restart. In fact you should restart the computer before performing any of the below mentioned steps. Its just like the human brain. You need restart when you are tired.

  1. Stop all unused applications
  2. Turn off unneeded Desktop Features that try to make things look better.
  3. Do a shut down/reboot also known as a cold reboot.
  4. Empty the Recycle Bin.
  5. Uninstall all applications that are no longer needed.
  6. Run “Error Checking” on all hard drives.
  7. Run “De-fragment” on all hard drives
  8. Install anti-virus software and keep it current.
  9. Find and Delete Temporary Files.
  10. Set your computer’s energy settings to High Performance.
  11. Clean Up Primary Partition.

Need detail information of any of the step. Do let me know?